Below are a few samples of my academic papers (all links to .pdf files):

Armillary Spheres and Scientific Instruments in Renaissance life and Art


Betty vs. Veronica
American Archie-types


Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
Beneath the Surface


The Letters of Gustave Corbet from May Through December 1854 as Original Source Material


Asher B. Durand


"Is That a Painting?
It Looks Just Like a Photograph"


Willem van de Velde the Elder and Younger and the Four Days' Battle


Howard Cruse
Narrative and Gender Issues


Jay Hambidge
The Elements of Dynamic Symmetry


Otto Neurath
Logical Positivism, the Unity of Science Movement and ISOTYPE


Issues of Originality and Ownership in Relationship to Elzie Crisler Segar's Popeye the Sailor Man






I began writing art criticism in 1990 when I was Editor of the UArts newspaper. Still to this day I try to find time to put down my thoughts about the state of the art and the state of man. And I've continued to publish these musings no matter how pointless or wrong-headed.