word myrrh also appears exactly 17 times in the Bible. It's the crucial
ingredient for making the holy anointing oil prescribed by God. Also,
mixed with wine, it was offered to Christ on the cross. Below you will
find all these references in context.
And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, that they
stript Joseph out of his coat, his coat of many colours that was on
And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and the pit was empty, there
was no water in it.
And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked,
and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels
bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to
And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we
will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou,
and also our little ones.
I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring
him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame
For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time.
And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this;
take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down
the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh,
nuts, and almonds:
And take double money in your hand; and the money that was brought again
in the mouth of your sacks, carry it again in your hand; peradventure
it was an oversight:
Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man:
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to
wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation
and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.
For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:
When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash
with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to
minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD:
So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and
it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed
throughout their generations.
Moreover the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five
hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred
and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,
And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary,
and of oil olive an hin:
And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound
after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.
And thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith,
and the ark of the testimony,
And the table and all his vessels, and the candlestick and his vessels,
and the altar of incense,
And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver
and his foot.
And thou shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever
toucheth them shall be holy.
And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that
they may minister unto me in the priest's office.
And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall
be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.
Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other
like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy
Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon
a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.
Now when every maid's turn was come to go in to king Ahasuerus, after
that she had been twelve months, according to the manner of the women,
(for so were the days of their purifications accomplished, to wit, six
months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet odours, and
with other things for the purifying of the women;)
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom
is a right sceptre.
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy
God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of
the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand
did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.
Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also
thine own people, and thy father's house;
So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and
worship thou him.
I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.
Song of Solomon 1
Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.
We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.
While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the
A bundle of myrrh is my well-beloved unto me; he shall lie all
night betwixt my breasts.
My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.
Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves'
of Solomon 3
By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but
I found him not.
I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad
ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found
The watchmen that go about the city found me: to whom I said, Saw ye
him whom my soul loveth?
It was but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my
soul loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought
him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that conceived
I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds
of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.
Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke,
perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the
Behold his bed, which is Solomon's; threescore valiant men are about
it, of the valiant of Israel.
They all hold swords, being expert in war: every man hath his sword
upon his thigh because of fear in the night.
King Solomon made himself a chariot of the wood of Lebanon.
He made the pillars thereof of silver, the bottom thereof of gold, the
covering of it of purple, the midst thereof being paved with love, for
the daughters of Jerusalem.
Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown
wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in
the day of the gladness of his heart.
Song of Solomon 4
Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves'
eyes within thy locks: thy hair is as a flock of goats, that appear
from mount Gilead.
Thy teeth are like a flock of sheep that are even shorn, which came
up from the washing; whereof every one bear twins, and none is barren
Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, and thy speech is comely: thy
temples are like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks.
Thy neck is like the tower of David builded for an armoury, whereon
there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.
Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins, which feed among
Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, I will get me to the
mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense.
Thou art all fair, my love; there is no spot in thee.
Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from
the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions'
dens, from the mountains of the leopards.
Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, my spouse; thou hast ravished
my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain of thy neck.
How fair is thy love, my sister, my spouse! how much better is thy love
than wine! and the smell of thine ointments than all spices!
Thy lips, O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb: honey and milk are under
thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments is like the smell of Lebanon.
A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain
Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire,
Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense;
myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon.
Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, that
the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden,
and eat his pleasant fruits.
Song of Solomon 5
I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh
with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk
my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly,
I sleep, but my heart waketh: it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh,
saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my
head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night.
I have put off my coat; how shall I put it on? I have washed my feet;
how shall I defile them?
My beloved put in his hand by the hole of the door, and my bowels were
moved for him.
I rose up to open to my beloved; and my hands dropped with myrrh,
and my fingers with sweet smelling myrrh, upon the handles of
I opened to my beloved; but my beloved had withdrawn himself, and was
gone: my soul failed when he spake: I sought him, but I could not find
him; I called him, but he gave me no answer.
The watchmen that went about the city found me, they smote me, they
wounded me; the keepers of the walls took away my veil from me.
I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye find my beloved, that
ye tell him, that I am sick of love.
What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among
women? what is thy beloved more than another beloved, that thou dost
so charge us?
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
His head is as the most fine gold, his locks are bushy, and black as
His eyes are as the eyes of doves by the rivers of waters, washed with
milk, and fitly set.
His cheeks are as a bed of spices, as sweet flowers: his lips like lilies,
dropping sweet smelling myrrh.
His hands are as gold rings set with the beryl: his belly is as bright
ivory overlaid with sapphires.
His legs are as pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold: his
countenance is as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.
His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved,
and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.
Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod
the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen
his star in the east, and are come to worship him.
When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all
Jerusalem with him.
And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people
together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.
And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written
by the prophet,
And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the
princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule
my people Israel.
Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, enquired of them
diligently what time the star appeared.
And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for
the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that
I may come and worship him also.
When they had heard the king, they departed; and, lo, the star, which
they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over
where the young child was.
When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.
And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with
Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had
opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense
And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod,
they departed into their own country another way.
And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth
to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his
mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word:
for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and
departed into Egypt:
And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and
they call together the whole band.
And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and
put it about his head,
And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!
And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and
bowing their knees worshipped him.
And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and
put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.
And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the
country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.
And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted,
The place of a skull.
And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received
And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots
upon them, what every man should take.
And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.
And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING
OF THE JEWS.
But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they
brake not his legs:
But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith
came there out blood and water.
And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth
that he saith true, that ye might believe.
For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled,
A bone of him shall not be broken.
And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they
And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but
secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away
the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and
took the body of Jesus.
And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night,
and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound
Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with
the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.